Just as there are many religions in the world, there are many different foundations for their beliefs. Christianity is different from all others in that others are dependent on man and how he can earn the good will of his god by his actions or good deeds.
Christianity is different in that the central core of the religion is what God did for man. The Bible is unique in that it was written over a period of 1500 years by many authors and God inspired men to write the 66 books included in it. There are numerous prophecies which were given that were later fulfilled thus illuminating the God-inspired nature of the Bible.
One of the areas in the Bible which speaks about faith and belief is Luke 16 where Abraham is conversing with Lazarus (the rich man in Hades). Lazarus wants Abraham to send someone back from the dead to warn his five brothers about Hades however, Abraham tells him "They have Moses and the Prophets; let them hear them" to which Lazarus responds; "No, father Abraham, but if someone goes to them from the dead, they will repent!" to which Abraham responds "If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be persuaded even if someone rises from the dead." Of course, the point is, God has given an adequate sum of fulfilled prophecy along with the urging from the spirit that is sufficient to persuade men if they really have a sincere desire to believe.
There are many resources for more information on the history and creation of the Bible, a few are:
While there are many prophecies that were written many years in advance and later fulfilled there also are a number that were fulfilled with respect to Jesus and out of His control to cause fulfillment. Some of the well known are:
Within Christianity, the resurrection is vitally important. Without the resurrection, our faith is useless 1 Cor. 15:14 which states "and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.". It was Jesus' resurrection that changed the lives of the disciples. After Jesus was crucified, the disciples ran and hid. But when they saw the risen Lord, they knew that what Jesus had said and done proved that He was indeed God in flesh, the Savior.
No other religious leader has died in full view of trained executioners, had a guarded tomb, and then risen three days later to appear to many many people. This resurrection is proof of who Jesus is, and that He did accomplish what He set out to do: provide the only means of redemption for mankind.
Buddha did not rise from the dead. Muhammad did not rise from the dead. Confucius did not rise from the dead. Krishna did not rise from the dead, etc. Only Jesus has physically risen from the dead, walked on water, claimed to be God, and raised others from the dead. He has conquered death. Why trust anyone else? Why trust anyone who can be held by physical death when we have a Messiah who is greater than death itself?
There is a prophecy in the Bible, the book of Daniel which was dated to 537 BC. This is well in advance of Christ coming on the scene hundreds of years later. The Prophecy predicts events that will kick off a period of time until Jesus the Messiah will come and does it, precisely! There are many, many other prophecies of Christ coming years in advance however this is another particular one that cannot be explained away when the facts are known. It presents a dilemma for those that try to explain the uniqueness of the Bible and its credibility of being inspired by God. There had to be some intelligence transferring this knowledge to the writer of the book of Daniel.
 "Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy.  Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times.  And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with a flood, and till the end of the war desolations are determined.  Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; but in the middle of the week he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, even until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the desolate," (Daniel 9:24-27).
"Seventy sevens have been decreed for your people. . . . So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven sevens and sixty-two sevens; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. Then after the sixty-two sevens the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.”
Exactly what is meant by “seventy sevens”? The phrase by itself is ambiguous, but taken in context the meaning is clear. Daniel’s prayer in verses 3-19 of the chapter refers to the fulfillment of a specific seventy-year period, the seventy years of the Babylonian captivity (as prophesied by Jeremiah). Daniel received the seventy sevens prophecy in response to his prayer. The prophecy foretold a period of seven times seventy yet to come, or seventy seven-year periods. Seventy seven-year periods equals 490 years.
The prophecy goes on to say that “from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven sevens (49) and sixty-two sevens (434). . . . Then after the sixty-two sevens the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing.”
Nebuchadnezzar had Jerusalem dismantled around 587 BC after having to put down two rebellions there in less than 10 years. At the time this prophecy was given, Jerusalem still lay in ruins. According to the prophecy, from the decree to rebuild Jerusalem there would be seven seven-year periods and sixty-two more seven-year periods—or 483 years—until the Messiah would show up. After the culmination of the 62 seven-year periods, or after 483rd year, the Messiah would be cut off.
Both the ancient Hebrews to whom Daniel was writing and the ancient Babylonians to whom he was subservient (the Book of Daniel having been written in Babylon during the latter half of the 6th century BC) used a 360-day year.
So, 483 years x 360 days = 173,880 days. This is the equivalent of 476 years and 25 days, using our modern Gregorian calendar’s 365-day year.
As for our starting point, the Persian emperor Artaxerxes Longimanus (who ruled from 464-424 BC) issued the edict to rebuild Jerusalem sometime during the Hebrew month of Nisan in the 20th year of his reign, or c. 445 BC (Nehemiah 2:1-8). From c. 445 BC, 173,880 days brings us to c. AD 30.
According to this prophecy, the Messiah would show up, present Himself as Messiah to the nation and then be “cut off” some time near AD 30. This was fulfilled as Jesus Christ presented Himself to the nation of Israel on Palm Sunday, was crucified on Preparation Day (the annual day on which the Passover Lamb was slain), and rose from the dead on Sunday.
The prophecy then goes on to say that, subsequent to the Messiah’s being killed, “the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.” Within one generation of Christ’s crucifixion, Titus razed Jerusalem and destroyed the temple.
Conclusion: It takes far more faith to explain away this prophecy that it does to believe the facts, so you must decide.